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Tag Archives: Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet

What Was Laurent Clerc Thinking That Night?

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Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of Deaf Education in America

At The Rim: Here Comes the Rimshot

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This post is to honor the author of At The Rim for your leisure. You know, being colonized and deny the journey of your own Deafhood, the same term before your eyes, is your last hiccup that recognizes your weakness to embrace Deaf identity.

Dude, the 1988 greatest story, has forever radicalized the original root of Deaf culture. Why do you think Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet wanted to create college for whom? Did the same Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet have a vision for hearing people? That was not his vision.

My fellow radicals who were supposed to pass on the torch of experience and insights to a new generation just were not there.”-Saul Alinksy

Tick tock. You need to work on your attitude more often. There is a word that might remind you would want to learn “self-hate” and that is where it begins. It does not mean it hates hearing. Do you hate Deaf? There was no such thing as “hearing hate” as you claimed. It is the bed of personal growth. Look at us, Deaf to Deaf!

As the author of this post, I do not hate hearing either. I come from hearing family. It is how hearing system work, it starts with the community accountability. Imagine this, what if there was none of stories about it in 1988 that never existed? What would it looks like today? Come on, history is for reason, born for America values in Deaf Education, and hold the key strong! Forget all the flat liners.

All the DPN activists had the same cause to protest as all of them have the constitutional rights, First Amendment, “or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” All of DPN had not committed any criminal incidents as you claimed. The only picture I once saw in a book about DPN itself where the bus tires were slashed, it is only misdemeanor.

Please take a look at other universities, pardon me, hearing universities, there were plenty of riots and done real criminal damage, it is huge difference what DPN was all about. Stop living in hearing mind.

It was only a temporary. Look at Jackson Police Open Fire on Protestors from website, “killing 2 students and leaving 12 injured. Many more sustained minor injuries from broken glass in the incident, wherein 30 seconds of gunfire and 140 shotgun rounds left every window along one city street shattered.” It was 1970. Mississippi.

As I checked last time, there were no injuries in 1988. DC lights flocked overnight in good faith.

No more than half hour drive depending on traffic, you would see University of Maryland in College Park, in 2010, 28 arrests, as for DPN, zero arrests, no? Unless I am mistaken. Two years later, University of Kentucky had won a basketball game against archrival, University of Louisville; there were a lot of riots and fires. None of them are like Gallaudet. There was no such thing as riot as you claimed.

The final note: DPN was a peaceful rally. Riot and rally are much different.

You are still living in the past. Accept the fact that Deaf people won. It is simple. You are correct that it is 2017 because the last time I checked, the president is still Deaf. Sorry to ruin your day but your hearing superiors don’t work well in here.

Dude. I am telling you that today Gallaudet University, President Bobbi Cordano has changed the leadership and make it more like Deaf-centered as possible, it is not full-ride centered yet, but it is going in the right direction.

Would people also think it is time to have Gallaudet University, Deaf-centered, Deaf-controlled and Deaf-oriented one day in the future? It may be possible. [I support that idea, myself.] I am sorry that you are being colonized and hope you will realize that you would need to heal your pain.

Let your extremism go. Being Deaf mind is the center of your heart. The heart is very precious and they control your destiny. Do not wait too long. The Deaf Mind I possess is not extremism. It is progressivePlease visit this page in 2013, Mirror, Who is the Fairest?

https://audismnegatsurdi.com/2013/06/16/mirror-who-is-the-fairest/

American values are the most beautiful and complex tools of all time, at the same time, you need to realize by insulting American values on an American soil, it is nothing greater than Gallaudet University. You know, “Make Gallaudet Great” in ’88. The same principles we recognize the mystic flying birds, today is 2017 and the beauty of Gallaudet’s spirits are evolving.

The making of DPN made the wave of social movements, from civil rights to the rights of “to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Deaf students had every right to petition the Government for all grievances. It does not mean they are rioters again as you claimed. Remember, it is not too late to begin your Deafhood journey that you will always grateful for in the long run.

That’s the beauty of life! Self-hate by being Deaf is not going to work anywhere. My blog is all about tough love. Also, my blog is not to be kicked around. When I visited Seattle to attend Paddy Ladd’s presentation at University of Washington in 2012, it was a method to see the love to embrace state of being Deaf and that is where you need to see the rim shot.

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At your last hiccup.

-JT

Copyright @ 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

References:

http://www.complex.com/pop-culture/2013/01/biggest-college-campus-riots-in-history/kentucky-students-flood-lexington-streets-in-celeb

https://attherimmm.blogspot.com/2017/03/deaf-v-deaf.html

https://audismnegatsurdi.com/2017/03/22/powerful-diversion-in-deaf-community/

https://audismnegatsurdi.com/2013/06/16/mirror-who-is-the-fairest/

 

 

Clerc-Gallaudet: Admirals of the North Atlantic Ocean

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On the left second row: Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc on the ship.

“Only recently regarded as an almost helpless and useless portion of our common humanity” General James Garfield before becoming President for United States of America having concerns for Deaf people. [Moods of Silence: Willard J. Madsen]

200 years ago today [August 9, 1816]: Laurent Clerc and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet arrived into the landfall of America making the greatest destiny for Deaf community with the sun set under a clear horizon, the lives of Deaf person in America is about to be changed forever.

On their final voyage before landfall, in the dark of the moon, wee hours before daybreak on August 9th, the mother ship, Mary-Augusta carried their souls through the land breeze, afterwards with the wind West, turning the prow East and by North destined for New York. It proved to be the most important pursuit of happiness than the outward passage of discovery for Deaf Education.

For 52 days, they remained together through highly entertaining and significant are the traces of how American Sign Language (ASL)-written English spread, and what they worked together to make sure Deaf people cannot be forgotten. It has become a new world for Deaf community.

The Grand Fleet of Mary-Augusta, not just too many Marys, but the pivotal Mary with a quote for your eyes to remember: Surely the isles of the sea shall wait for me….to bring thy sons from farIsaiah lx 9. The isles of the sea brought the greatest Deaf son of France to set a destiny today.

Without Clerc, what would it be like today?  The catchword of Clerc is forever in Deaf Studies. What campus would become the university that uses ASL for intellectual discourses? And what would the relationship of Clerc-Gallaudet be to the world? They brought the promise to the world and America. The change we demand has been declared in ASL.

The mother ship, Mary-Augusta was a clear step toward to provide the higher education we seek today. Thank you, Laurent Clerc and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet! They were certainly the Admirals of the North Atlantic Ocean!

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-JT

Copyright © 2016 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

 

 

 

 

 

Deaf Education: Elements of a Critical Pedagogy

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Pope Gregory I forbidding bishops to real pagan literature in the Fourth Council of Carthage in 398 A.D.—

It has come to my attention that you, my dear Brethren, have been explaining pagan literature to certain individuals….We received this matter reluctantly and vehemently rejected it…because the praises of Christ cannot coexist in the same mouth with the praises of Jupiter.

Sociological topic: Can we discuss the concepts in ASL in the same “mouth” with the concepts in Spoken English?

For years, a controversy has raged over the use of ASL in schools. Some people believe that it affronts “spoken” English and should be banned. Others regard it as quite harmless. Still other claims that ASL is beneficial, that it helps develop cognitions and provide a means to strength ASL- Written English bilingualism. Apply your creative and critical thinking and resolve the below issues.

This week—200 years ago (1816), Laurent Clerc and The Reverent Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet were on a voyage that was believed to be the greatest story of all time in Deaf Studies. They were about to leave France for America on June 18th—what did they have talked about before the land of the freedom? What kind of questions? What kind of missions? What kind of goals?

Was it ASL-Written English interpretation that has been carried on mainly at Gallaudet University? The Reverent Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet introduces Laurent Clerc, a Deaf French educator, and together they set up the first American School for the Deaf in Hartford, Connecticut.

Before this, Deaf Americans had no formal schooling, and, in only 47 years after the Hartford School, in 1864 (during the American Civil War), the first National Deaf-Mute College (known today as Gallaudet University) was opened on Kendall Green in Washington, D.C., by Edward Miner Gallaudet, the youngest son of The Reverend Gallaudet and Sophia Fowler (a Deaf woman) and a native ASL- Written English.

Please note that I do not support the idea of “spoken English”–this ASL- Written English Interpretation class has perceived itself as having three major roles in our world society: (1) providing information about the interpretation of signed and written languages through research; (2) educating the citizenry of the practices and principles of signed-written language interpretation; and (3) helping to develop public policies on signed-written language interpretation.

However, two major controversies, interwoven with each other, have sorely divided the profession from its inception. The first is the division between institutional traditionalism on one side and linguistic studies on the other. The second controversy is between idealism (Alexander Graham Bell insisted that Deaf children must forget that they are Deaf.) and realism (the Junior National Association of the Deaf motto: Promoting tomorrow of all the Deaf by working with the Deaf youth of today.).

As mentioned earlier, the first ASL- Written English Interpretation in the United States was heavily influenced by the French model, which emphasized education in English. Following this French model, the traditional approach to signed-written language interpretation is grounded upon describing Deaf Education and evaluating its effects upon the ASL- Written English Interpretation. The goal is to understand both languages in order to improve life and intelligence. Traditionalism therefore combines an interest in description with a desire to prescribe changes in education for the Deaf.

In the last half century, this approach was increasingly challenged by linguistics–science of language–, which looked for ways to use ASL to study and master the English language. ASL linguistics was based upon the philosophy of science known as positivism, whose basic premise is that scientific knowledge should be derived solely from positive data, that is, from information gained by observing phenomena with our senses. Positive data in ASL-Written English interpretation include linguistic claims such as linguistic aspects of signs and words.

Much controversy developed over the application of traditional versus scientific methods to ASL-Written English Interpretation. Alexander Graham Bell’s statement to forget the “Deaf” tells us nothing and therefore is nonsense. Any statement purport to describe reality, on the other hand, is positive, and may be refuted by observation.

That is exactly why Bimodality needs to be challenged and stopped in “spoken English” in Deaf schools, Lead-K (Language Equality & Acquisition for Deaf Kids) bill proposals and even Gallaudet University, too. It would be much healthier to switch to biliteracy.

Bimodality is the perfect example of linguicism: language oppression and….Audism: a racial term coined in early 1970s to suggest that it is better to hear and speak than not because of strong hearing supremacy that we need to be radicalized and will not be tolerated by being oppressed–to protect our Deaf roots. Two isms: Linguicism and Audism=Bimodality.

In other words, Bimodality is an important reason for the poor state of critical learning and thinking, which we have concerned year after year.

After all, a Norwegian philosopher, Arne Naess once told a story as a kid, he was searching for two pebbles that needs to be exactly matched, but could not complete his mission then as an adult, he was looking for two summits that needs to be exactly the same, once again, failed—in other words, no two languages are alike and I am talking about ASL and Spoken English–no way they are alike.

If you want to know more what radical is all about:

https://audismnegatsurdi.com/2013/09/23/radicalism-at-gallaudet-big-questions-to-ask/

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-JT

Copyright © 2016 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

Gallaudet Students’ Pitfall and Administration Pitfalls

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In human hands, our intelligence has enabled us to overcome the restrictions of our biological heritage and to change ourselves in the process. We are the only species that does that.”- Ray Kuzweil, How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed. 

Today is the last day (December 10th) of Clerc-Gallaudet week. Next year, it will be 200 years in celebration of their arrival from France for America. It is forever legendary! It means that there shall be a huge change in the face of Gallaudet University starting on January 1, 2016. Within new president-elect coming in, Roberta “Bobbi” Cordano already has been visiting Gallaudet campus and listen to the changes. 59 out of 180 faculty members showed up for a productive meeting along with Bobbi in the audience last Monday, December 7th afternoon that they are not happy with the administration that holds 90 people. 11 people in President’s cabinet. They voted for a change of administration. They are tired of status quo. They really are.

They say only the administration sit on their hands, happy with the status quo. With that in mind, they want to see Gallaudet change with the positive vision. No more bullshit. No more gimmicks. They do not want to have another president in line for another major hardships for Deaf students, but all that has changed now with Bobbi in the mix. I just hope she keeps it gone long enough to get out the vote. The administration is the worst I had ever seen.

As a Gallaudet alumnus, I have some questions I would like to put to some people in the administration who agrees with Donald Trump’s hate-speech policies. How do you think Deaf returning citizens will treat when they are students at the university? Do you think they will be rounded up and put on reservations that lack proper well being for Deaf returning citizens? Do you think Deaf returning citizens will be profiled around? Do you think Deaf returning citizens will be looked upon not being good enough to earn a higher education degree—whatever that means these days?

Why—we might ask—do the administration think they are qualified to belittle Deaf returning citizens whenever they are walking around? Do they, for example, train and tell professors how to perform oppression against them? They apply that reasoning to the teaching profession. The administration needs to stop hiding lies—they do not ever respectfully listen—all of us—to what the administration say about their profession and its many needs. Do they call it and continuing education at Gallaudet? That is why it needs a new blood in the administration.

To paraphrase Socrates in Plato’s Republic, Gallaudet University we have known can never grow into a reality or see the light of day. At Gallaudet, possibilities must be limitless. Deaf returning citizens who are strive to be students are limited. The research has shown that the returning citizens, who have turned their life around for the better, are the best students, because they value the opportunity.

Without an education, the path toward rehabilitation and economic security is far more challenging—they do not need cruel punishment anymore. This sort of action in support for Deaf returning citizens would provide education—adding their intellectual, experiential, and cultural diversity within the student body.

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-JT

Copyright © 2015 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only including this copyright message.

Heroes of Human Rights

solidarityNancy Rourke’s Solidarity

Human right is an important example that has deceived not only me, but also the graduating students of 2015, also it is the failure of higher education in the most cynical, outrageous ways that allowed the keynote speaker, Vinton Cerf to preach hate speech in the eyes of breaking the democracy of a human life. He has breached trust with Deaf community in the most egregious ways. Gallaudet University has utterly failed in the performance of keynote speakers.

December 10th is the date we all must remember for two important reasons. Reverend Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet’s birthday and the International Human Rights Day, and graduating Deaf students are to celebrate the United Nation’s Declaration of Human Rights every day in Gallaudet halls. That is what Rev. Thomas Gallaudet wanted.

The contradiction of this blog post on how hate expressed in the community is the attempt to express a human language that is not matter-of-fact, when I, and my knowledge, and being a survivor of hate speech for years, my own conditioning are matter-of-fact. The high demand to educate about human rights in Deaf America, it is the nature and magnitude of the problem. When you are reading this, share the awareness with your friends, family, lost souls, and whoever they are!

Becoming an activist is very often a passion unlike the selection of advocates. People are often driven to become activists. For some, it is the beauty of the language or the aesthetic grace of an interpretation. For others, it is the love of ASL and pursing meaning from communication and still for others, it is about service to the Deaf community and humankind.

Whatever the reason behind the selection of an activist as a major course of study or career, there are steps to take to ensure that the transition to students how to stand up against hate bias, crimes, literature, speech and eventually “certified” activists are taken with the fewest obstacles possible.

Vinton Cerf presented a damaged prism through which to view the history of Deaf people, his rapid journey through the technology marvels, voyages of exploration and exploitation, all seen from the vantage point of Alexander Graham Bell Association’s effect on the development of genocide makes “entertaining” presentation. Does it wring your neck when you read this? I understand. Protect your Deaf mind!

HUMAN + RIGHTS= ?

In the next five topics, human rights had been developed to solicit discourses, discussions, and dialogues. These concepts that govern my thoughts are not just matters of my intelligence. They also govern the Deaf people in their everyday functioning, down to the most mandate details. Our concepts structure what we see, how we perceive the world, and how we relate to each other as Deaf people. Our conceptual system plays a central role in defining our realities. There is only one way to find out. I hope to share the same inspiration with my readers.

  • Human rights are Deaf people’s principles meaning of understanding reality and communicating that understanding to others.

     

  • The essence of human rights is understanding and experiencing one kind of thing in terms of another

     

  • As we make a journey in ignoring human rights, more surfaces are created.

     

  • Human rights encode our past

     

  • If the human rights in Deaf community are not strongly present in the media, the young generation of the Deaf will be economically and culturally marginalized.

-JT

Copyright © 2015 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message

Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet’s Observation: The Department of Interpretation

IMG_6931Today is Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet’s birthday. Gallaudet University was named after his namesake and his visionary was very much clear to gain sufficient knowledge to make sure Deaf students would be committed to excellence in their education. I will not support hearing students in there because Gallaudet wanted this for Deaf students only—-some of hearing students, especially interpreting majors today there are the worst oppressors and do not excel themselves in the Deaf-world. It is not very much part of human nature to excel in what interpreting majors does not know and do not posses either.

Are Deaf students inclined toward their dualistic nature in which they are practicing binary thinking: good interpreter versus poor interpreter, Deaf versus hearing, and so forth. Is it part of the tidy formulas that no single set of rules that would lead to excellent ends for them? Deaf students who are in his or her field of study to reach their fullest potential to operate from “higher education” only if they master to know how to stand up and stop Audism there.

Gallaudet University—is it an ASL-friendly society that share certain attributes for Deaf students to be protected from Audists? For the next generation, Deaf students needs to strive how to act in the ways that they do not need to experience 1880 Milan Resolution in every respect.

Is it part of the administration’s cover-up that Deaf students are doomed to fall after they had been risen a while? Why set up Department of Interpretation (DOI) not to admit their mistakes and shut up Deaf students? What did Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, the American pioneer in the education of the Deaf, mean when he said, “Deaf people can learn” in the search of higher education to learn and strive their Deaf identity?

IMG_1593With interpreting majors in the cafeteria using their voices mocking Deaf students, let me remind you–those same interpreters who once interpreted for Deafhood Monologues, they are part of the same cycle: The 1880 Milan Resolution banning sign language in the cafeteria and that leads to a question: Is “listening and speak” an absolutely necessary to mock Deaf students under Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet’s mission vision?

The DOI has become not the glory, but the pride of oppressing Deaf students in cafeteria among all the halls on the campus and the failure of code of ethics at least equally oppressive in the Deaf community that Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet would not allow interpreting majors to disable Deaf students and rob their dignity.

Happy birthday, Thomas!

-JT

Copyright © Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.