LEAD-K Open Video: Will AGBell Ever Condemn Hate?


Remembering Milan 1880: Light a Candle Against Hate


September 7, 1880—has addressed the Deaf community worldwide—before I get into the urgent necessity of this post. Let’s start with some painful memories. Imagine the day after September 7th, let’s think about Deaf children’s skills to use sign language as human right, they would have been great leaders—to embark on journey through uncharted territory, and to change the image of Deaf people within painful energy into the world that sees before us.

It was not long though, before Deaf people were pounded with human threat, and deal with Oralism from every direction—slammed doors and angry looks wherever they use sign language. That’s hate crime, folks.

Today, the surge of Oralism, for example, listening and speaking, Cued Speech, and cochlear implants, Deaf children are forced to face with a world that feels extremely fragmented and hostile as much as possible. That is not the way of a human life that was supposed to be safe.

The challenges Deaf people face are far—the rise of bigotry and hate crimes, and the huge gap between the richest and poorest are just the tip of the iceberg and that is even scary part.

Do not be intimidated by power. Deaf community is in the making—and stop in the name of hate! We need to resist in the age of hate crime. Imagine how Deaf community felt the day after September 7th, 1880. It’s just mind-boggling. We, the Deaf people have the power to make a change—and start off by digging deep into our identity as the state of being of Deaf.

Helen Keller once said, “Alone we can do so little, together we can do so much”

There are plenty of Deaf people who survived who dealt with Oralism ideology, they are also humans, who got the same number of hours each day as others on Earth—we must continue to resist against Alexander Graham Bell’s hate practices.


Copyright © 2018 Jason Tozier

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Happy National Beer Day!

unnamed-1.jpgRyder wants to taste my beer! Nice try! Today is National Beer Day. Appreciate the innovators of beer in the past and present. In my personal opinion, the genius of beer would be Arthur Guinness, the owner of Guinness in Ireland.


Copyright @ 2017 Jason Tozier

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Deafhood Discussions: The Oralist Response 1980 to Date, Part 3 (p.160-161)

David Kerr explains in this video from Paddy Ladd’s book–thanks, David for your civic duty as well as Deafhood Discussions to support for the video presentation.



Oralism: The Harvest of Empire


As I write my story sharing my thoughts about the L’Abbe Charles-Michel de L’Epee—who claimed to be the “father of sign language” which I have my doubts. If Socrates said in a book, Cratylus—Deaf people are intelligent because of sign language. Who was the father of sign language back then? That was 2,400 years’ way before L’Epee claimed to be the father of sign language. The only reason that L’Epee established the first free public school for the Deaf in Paris making him also the father of Deaf Education.

How can it be possible? I mean, who taught Deaf people sign language that time in Ancient Greece? There must be someone who looked up to the person who considered to be father of sign language. L’Epee was born in 1712—the dark hours of wars going on in other parts of world. For example, 1712 Huilliche Rebellion, New York Slave Revolt of 1712, Toggenburg War, and First Fox War—that’s a lot of wars that year!

The Era of Sign Language brought about many changes: economic shifts, the changes of roles concerning Deaf people in society: This was a very difficult time in Deaf world, and is disputed by many historians or is it not? Many changes came into effect. The importance of sign language left out a very important perspective: that of the freedom of using sign language by Deaf person anywhere in the world. Also, this limited view was based on the concept that Deaf people do not deserve political power, and were faced with ignorance from their hearing peers or—hearing supremacists.

Changes in this distorted historical account was made in 1880 Milan Resolution where Deaf survivors from that era started feeling the greatest pain of all through writings. In 1890s, the earlier prejudiced view of history was totally changed, and was improved to include the views of Deaf people thanks to Alexander Graham Bell known as AGBell who advocated Oralism in America.

How does AGBell connect or reflect the addressment of the subject or connected subject? The improved views of history that includes all bigotry, hatred, and language belittlement, not just the hearing supremacists that encouraged hate crimes after AGBell’s death in 1922, even today in 2016, hate crimes in Deaf community has surfaced—year after year thanks to Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, yet, it has became invisible to our eyes—is something Deaf people deal with growing pains every day, and how important it is to analyze history with a critical eye.

There are plenty of bigotry going on today and tomorrow—how much the Era of Sign Language changed the lives of Deaf people, and how important this political and social change was to history, even though sign language and the abolition of 1880 Milan Resolution did not solve the debate over the meaning of freedom in American life.


Copyright © 2016 Jason Tozier

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Why Constitution Day Is Important: We the Deaf People


‘We the Deaf People’ was founded by Matthew Moore.

As today is Constitution Day (September 17, 2016), it is very important to be aware about this, I can think of no words to describe the great honor to have inherited the United States Constitution with flame that has been burning since 1787–the Founding Fathers signed the most important documents in American history—-the United States Constitution.

Today, Deaf community has been dealing with very difficult social and economic changes and I need to address an aura of optimism among ourselves who see the possibility of making American Sign Language (ASL) a more dynamic force in communication and instruction for all Deaf people.

In 1880, for example, educators of the Deaf from all over the world convened in Milano, Italy and drew up a resolution, hence the 1880 Milan Resolution, to ban the use of sign language in communication and instruction of the Deaf people. There have been numerous barriers to language access and development occur. It is important to know that being Deaf is a biological condition that calls for a different channel, that is, sight, through which information, knowledge, and communication are conveyed.

ASL is the lifeblood of Deaf community and culture, too. It can be easily agreed! The United States Constitution need to be aware that ASL is a form of expression protected by the First Amendment. Of course, by denying or doubting ASL is anything but deficit to incite the mind to language bigotry and prejudice.

Or, whether it finds some people unaware, in idle and false security, it captures their mind with secret contrivances of Audism. Deficit thinking is, therefore, far from pure “tabula rasa”—we do not live in the vaccum. ASL should not be missed as a sense of language, as a living subject—as part of human life. ASL can lift us up and take us anywhere on Mother Earth. Nothing can hold us back from ASL.

Now, this message is as a tough read as the English statement by Jean-Paul Sartre in his book, Being and Nothingness:

“The being by which nothingness arrives in the world must nihilate nothingness in its being, and even so it still runs the risk of establishing nothingness as a transcendent in the very heart if immanence unless it nihilates nothingness in its being in connection with its own being. The being by which nothingness arrives in the world is a being such that in its being the nothingness of its being is in question.”

I know it is difficult to follow it because it can be confusing as nihilating our state of being Deaf—many of the issues in language of ASL are really issues in sociological of being Deaf.

But it is each person’s right to know what being Deaf means. We also need to know where it comes from as well as the activities and attitudes which it describes. If we do not know, with confidence, our part in the whole and our place in a history, we can become frustrated by what we have to do. If we know what being Deaf means, our self-esteem and self-determination would be much more sure. It is important to understand how much importance of United States Constitution means for us to preserve our language and culture. Really! It is a good way to celebrate Constitution Day!


Copyright © 2016 Jason Tozier

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David Call’s Art Masterpiece

Image In The Crucifixion of Sign Language, David Call’s work manifests the faults with not only religious aversion itself, but also the ethic moral value system inherited from it. This artwork I consider a further development, his ideas concerning religion, particularly the idea that be presented in language morality that is the inversion of a true, noble language resurrection. One of the most important of his ideas is that 85% of people (delegates) who have voted to kill sign language are religious and have made Deaf people nihilistic and feebleminded and mocked their inherent rights to sign language.  Crucifixion symbolizes resurrection; The Crucifixion of Sign Language symbolizes the language and culture resurrection.

I was really intrigued by how David Call, in this artwork, is able to show the tension in traditional values of the Deaf people amidst a time of cultural and historical change. The artwork illustrates this time of great cultural change of the Deaf people in its depiction of The Crucifixion of Sign Language coming into Deafhood—the cultural resurrection—and finding their social place within their sign language. Not only that, but also Deaf people’s rights to sign language as their language are recognized as the rewards in the Deafhood, leading to their resurrection in personal and cultural levels. David Call illustrates the life of the sign language through art and storytelling.

After the 1880 Milan Resolution forcing all the Deaf people to learn oral articulation and banning their hands to manipulate instead, it is clearly the symbol of a political and power-playing that has steeped into the consciousness of the Deaf people who struggles to survive. As Deaf people are suddenly faced by the language “massacre” by the international invasion of oral education. Deaf people have dealt with the language crucifixion; however, it is not out of hatred or decadence, but for a good reason: to resurrect themselves.

The Deaf people’s will for survival is, as Call asserts in his masterpiece, the most powerful “vital energy” in history, and I am sure Call has admired those who struggled mightily to survive and prevail. The values which ultimately matter are not a prestigious and personal honor but rather a collective responsibility, survival, and preservation of the old ways in ever-changing political and cultural climates.

All those who wish not to renounce life, but to affirm it, all who seek to proclaim a triumphant “yes” to the resurrection of human prosperity, knowledge, and happiness, will find in The Crucifixion of Sign Language an invaluable insights into how the resurrection can be achieved—and into what stands in the way of their being Deaf. Thank you, David Call for providing a thought-provoking art masterpiece. It is not what I have expected, and I continue to be extremely challenged by much of this artwork which is very engaging.


Copyright © Jason Tozier

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