Why Open Captioning is a Fundamental Right

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Attention: Councilmember Charles Allen

Council of the District of Columbia

1350 Pennsylvania Avenue NW

Suite 110

Washington, DC 20004

December 30, 2018

Bill B22-0957: Open Movie Captioning Requirement Act of 2018:

Sir, and the Council members for the Council of the District of Columbia:

As a member of DC Deaf community, the understanding of social, political, and sociological fields, what is justice, and the human rights, and the public eye is becoming a common means for what a life in District of Columbia to make sure Deaf citizens receive fair accessibility for communication, information, and knowledge.

Open captioning is a fundamental right even in the constitutional document itself; The First Amendment: the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances;

The Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

The rights for open captioning cannot be violation of Deaf people. Neglecting Deaf people’s public spaces for years and years have been enabled and promoted are counterproductive, Un-American, anti-factual, and diversionary. The First Amendment—freedom of speech, peaceably to assemble, and petition the Government for a redress of grievances, protects Deaf people. Why?

“Government of the District of Columbia. The Government of the District of Columbia operates under Article One of the United States Constitution and the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, which devolves certain powers of the United States Congress to the Major and thirteen-member Council.”

However, Deaf community shows the true hope and human society within cultural changes in District of Columbia, and the greatest mission of open captioning for Deaf community requires our resistance to the frustration of being denied for a full theatrical experience at any cost.

Open captioning would rekindle ourselves as the Deaf community to claim literacy rights in higher learning. Open captioning becomes highly sophisticated in our language and culture in the same manner as our hearing counterparts in their own language, English.

Happy New Year!

-JT

Copyright © 2019 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_the_District_of_Columbia

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Gallaudet University: Bilingual Mission Task Force

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It is important to have bilingualism at Gallaudet University today. We all know that American Sign Language (ASL) is our most natural form by the meaning through personal of all experiences. No question about that. ASL shows us the greatest skills of our civilization, along with literature in meaning significance.

At the same time, it is very important to emphasize that bilingualism has created all of us in this nation—same concept, as we are the nation of immigrants.

We need to change the attitude by adding “written” English—not “spoken” English as President Roberta “Bobbi” Cordano has informed the audience and live streaming for State of the University presentation to discuss Gallaudet Priorities Update to focus on a framework for bilingualism–but there is huge concern about bimodality [sign and speak with mouth] that has been added to Gallaudet’s priorities.

ASL-Written English bilingualism fosters empathy, trust, and mutual understanding. I wonder if the task force for Bilingual Mission hand-picked by President Cordano would aspire to affirm between ASL and English and depend the sense of awe and grace that accompanies an awareness of ASL-English bilingualism.

For example, there is someone who is on the task force team is a huge supporter of bimodality philosophy–which could bring big concerns on that issue.

Will Bilingual Mission Task Force create pathways better education to walk toward ASL-‘written’ English bilingualism? Do they teach the need to heal from the traumas of living in less than a just, sacred and sustainable world that Oralism is above ASL? How can they fix the concerns to resist the further destruction of the ASL-‘spoken’ English hegemony?

“Written” English is important to our intellectual and academic life. The task force needs to remove “spoken” English or bimodality philosophy off the table and expose that written English would bring many lifelong learning process that is the essence of our literacy–in other words, bimodality is all about academic hypocritism.

Gallaudet University would become the university that uses exclusive ASL for intellectual discourses–building relationship in this university to the world. Remember, the greatest gift what George Veditz in the 1913 film, The Preservation of Sign Language, promised our world including Gallaudet University.

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I know for a fact that Veditz would challenge the Bilingual Mission Task Force to remove ‘bimodality’ or ‘spoken’ English–will they make any difference this time? The change to stop language oppression and hegemony has been recognized and we do not need to deal with that.

In 1864, National Deaf Mute College was never about bimodality–it was about educating students in exclusive sign language. Keep that way.

-JT

Copyright @ 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

LEAD-K: Where Is the Protection of ASL?

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“Out of the mountain of despair, a stone of hope.”-Martin Luther King, Jr. [Happy Birthday, MLK!]

I still do not understand how could LEAD-K allows “Speech training [Oralism], Cued Speech, Signed Exact English [SEE], Pidgin Sign Language [PSE], and Cochlear Implant [CI]” in the video. It shows that LEAD-K fails to teach American Sign Language (ASL) fails in everything. It is true that all gifts of nature, the ability to use ASL cannot be imparted; it can be only developed, and one of the oldest complaints against Deaf Education is that they turn the Deaf child into a learned speaking-dunce…determined users of ASL are few.

For most hearing teachers of the Deaf, using ASL is not important anymore, only their mind is set in motion by only a spoken stimulus—for example, Cued Speech, Speech training, and Cochlear Implant. The question, did LEAD-K knew about this? Oh, come on!

The worst part is that LEAD-K—on the core team, none of them are even experts on ASL or even ASL curriculum team. For example, the state of California, there are three experts on ASL who are on ASL curriculum team, LEAD-K never bother to invite them at all. It’s a slap on the face!

In Deaf Education, children are encouraged to act stupidly because they are bored. By filling up their days with dull repetitive listening and speaking tasks that make little or no claim to their attention or demands on their intelligence, most Deaf school children are answer-centered rather than problem-centered. Being able to hear in Deaf Education is an acquired habit founded on practice, like acting like a hearing person.

How well Deaf children struggle with Cued Speech, for example, depends on how much of listening and speaking they have done, and it is never successful. They start to think about hearing: they enter into a body of thought and try to hear. The ability to listen and speak, for example, Cued Speech is passive, and I have yet to read about how children with CI seek the habit of respectful skepticism—respectful in the sense that it rests on evidence and carefully established argument but is never asking questions such as “why did hearing person yell at Deaf person for?” Cued Speech or Cochlear Implant DOES NOT ADVANCE ENGLISH SKILLS AT ALL.

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Deaf Education everywhere is ours! ASL is ours! It is our academy! It is not just place for people to come for Speech training, Cued Speech, Signed Exact English, Pidgin Sign Language, and Cochlear Implant. LEAD-K needs to change its pedagogy and tell the truth that ASL and Deaf people are still oppressed. LEAD-K must be responsible for demonstrating accountability for ASL and effectively communicating the accomplishments, needs and value of Deaf people to the public and to the world to make it a better place, to have the world appreciate and celebrate ASL and its Deaf culture as well, too.

-JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.