Tag: Language Racism
Trumpism: We Need to Continue Stop Hate
After Donald Trump makes a racist language calling Haiti and other African countries–“shit-hole” is a good example of white privilege through hate and encourage white supremacy.
ASL Is Not A National Disgrace
TETRA IMAGES VIA GETTY IMAGES
Alexander Graham Bell 2014 Volta Award winner, Ann Geers of the University of Texas at Dallas makes a damaging article that Deaf children who are cochlear implant users who do not NEED to learn American Sign Language in April 2017 report.
Geers has no right that she thinks ASL is not important or necessary. In fact, a growing body of biased research acknowledged by Alexander Graham Bell Association has shown that the face of hate, bigotry, Audism, and pure evil. This is the face that AGBell looks in Deaf children’s eyes and tells the world that they are going to do about it by eliminating ASL and use listening and speaking instead. This is un-American!
It is completely rubbish that in Geers’ words:
The findings are clear. Children who did not use sign language had better speech and language skills by statistically margins at 36 months postimplant, and these children also developed better spoken-language and reading skills near the end of elementary grades than children who used sign language.”
Karl White is the most ignorant, hidebound and Audist in recent American history is the perfect face of hate. It is time for Karl White to get off his high horse. The self-righteous White stated that despite the fact he supported Geers’s findings. White’s report along with Louis Cooper, ‘Opportunities and Shared Decision-Making to Help Children Who Are Deaf to Communicate’ in June 2017 report that would make your stomach sick.
In fact, Karl White, who now believes that he makes decisions for Deaf children at his own authority—why is ASL subjected to a national disgrace and makes sure Deaf children would live with their now very public humiliation for the rest of their lives if they subject to the rules not to learn ASL or face punishment?
In my opinion, Ann Geers and Karl White brutalized Deaf children again and again—again, again, again—again, again—again. It smacks of Tabloidism! What happened to the legal and moral obligations set out by RESPECT ASL?
We all need to be aware that ASL is a productive member of society, believe it or not. White, Geers and the supporters of Alexander Graham Bell who believes ASL is bad and they need to take a serious look in the mirror because if we as an ASL society cannot move past this then why even try to destroy ASL in the first place? It is pure hate! Enough of placing ASL in national disgrace!
Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier
This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.
Free Speech vs Hate Speech
Discussing between Free Speech as noted in United States Constitution First Amendment that allows hate speech which is a BIG PROBLEM today in America. Jeremy Joseph Christian who murdered two guys through HATE SPEECH on Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) in Portland, Oregon on May 26, 2017 thinks he has the “right” to provoke it based on FREE SPEECH. Intimidation makes him even weaker person.
How to Challenge EPHPHATHA at Gallaudet University
My First Linocut Art!
I am a great believer in numbers, my first love in education was math. So, I developed my first linocut art to show that the numbers are critical to us, recollection and validation of their lives in Deaf community how much American sign Language and Signed Languages around the world–that the effect of 1880 has shown Oralism a validity of lies.
MDCXX= 1620 and that was the year where a ‘proclamation compelled Juan Pablo de Bonet to create and publish the first book on sign language in 1620’ (Butterworth & Flodin, 1995)
CCLX= 260 years later…….
MDCCCLXXX= 1880: All in the mirrors Deaf community wake up in the morning on second Saturday of September to experience the mother of language hegemony: bigotry destroyed their sign languages for political gain. Soon, I will present another linocut art (Deaf theme) that will present in a math sequence. Hopefully I will make it more interesting! I love art therapy! Even a year later today would tell a lot.
Copyright © 2016 Jason Tozier
This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.
Barry Sewell aka The Holism Promotes Hate
I learn that the term of DEAFLESS can be defeated but the only way that it can be stopped that we are the only ones who can stop DEAFLESS under the umbrella of Audism. Also, I recognize that Barry Sewell aka The Holism is a fast disease spreading around the country and is not being taught enough awareness around the world today. Look at the VLOG below:
The Questioning of ‘Safe Haven’ in Classrooms
Every time I see David Call’s artworks–and gives me a lot of ideas to write!
As alumni for Gallaudet University and a scholar recipient for a graduate program in Deaf Studies, every vote counts. It is the key idea in the Deaf community we live in America, a belief that is easily forgotten about ourselves. The sizable chunk of the electorate does not put the vote in the ballot to heal Deaf citizens with prescriptions every day. That is the power, regardless of the wishes of the voters as a whole.
Like I wrote in my previous blog,
“the Deaf (with capital d) is an archetype within the conscious of all the Deaf that contains our awareness of being Deaf. It is the psychological component that we still think and react to our society like Deaf people, and it is the same component that we are fully aware that the society continues to keep from being able to embrace American Sign Language (ASL).
Of all the betrayals that we the Deaf suffer, perhaps the most poignant of all is the betrayal of ourselves. No example of this is more striking than we remain committed to our being Deaf, that archetypical force which will hinder us from becoming fully empowered users of ASL.
To better understand why we the Deaf betray ourselves, let me present the common patterns of this archetype found within the Deaf community. These patterns include behaviors, perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes of the Deaf. This exploration is intended to help us identify how this archetype force is still in control, and to understand how the Deaf adversely affects our daily lives. They keep us struck, disempowered, and isolated.” @ Jason “JT” Tozier, 2015
This force can be incredibly powerful, such as depicted by the biblical story in which a word make a Deaf man hear: EPHPHATHA. Gallaudet University has this Christian word in its official seal. The idea is that it “contacts” the Almighty. Very powerful, indeed! It is very discriminating! I, myself, could never associate myself with this word in the university seal.
In 1971, Frederick Schreiber, an executive director for National Association of the Deaf (NAD) coined ‘Deaf Studies’ in his quote, “If Deaf people are to get ahead in our time, they must have a better image of themselves and their capabilities. They need concrete examples of what Deaf people have already done so they can project for themselves a brighter future. If we can have Black studies, Jewish studies, why not Deaf studies?” (Note: Quoted in Charles Katz, “A Partial History of Deaf Studies, in Deaf Studies VI Conference Proceedings: Making the Connection (Washington, D.C.; College for Continuing Education, Gallaudet University, 1999. 120.
National Deaf-Mute College was founded in 1864—known as Gallaudet University today. Exactly 130 years later, Deaf Studies program switched the lights on and invited students in to study and research. That was when I was a senior in high school when it was founded. However, there was resistance involved with the idea of the program, “This is partially due to the fact that Deaf Studies was already taught across the curriculum at Gallaudet University and partially due to resistance within Gallaudet University, for fear that such a program would foment resistance and activism. In any event, the solidification of a department was an important moment in the field’s history, as was the formation of its graduate program in 2002” (the undergraduate program was founded by Dr. Yerker Andersson and the graduate program by Drs. Ben Bahan, MJ Bienvenu and H-Dirksen Bauman)
‘I am perpetually honored and humbled to serve as the only hearing member of the Deaf Studies program at the world’s only liberal arts university for Deaf and hard-of hearing students.” H-Dirksen Bauman
That is where the danger begins. That is a big hearing privilege.
Four years after the coinage of ‘Deaf Studies’, Tom Humphries coined the term, Audism, based on the Latin audire, meaning, “to hear”. In his original article, Humphries defined Audism as “the notion that one is superior based on one’s ability to hear or behave in the manner of one who hears”–Tom Humphries, “Audism: The Making of a Word”, unpublished, 1975.
Words have such power that they can bring respect or they can bring disrespect, as is shown by current Gallaudet University Alumni Association (GUAA) president, Alyce Slater Reynolds and its association/board. They have had nothing to protest the word, EPHPHATHA today. They had alienated Deaf people, and their words could never help us to concentrate on our own nature. Their words are associated with the charging of ongoing oppression.
There is another crucial point to make about words, which we do not wish to talk about. However, we need to talk about our nature. What is wrong with it?
Paddy Ladd writes a powerful chapter, Colonialism and Resistance: A Brief History of Deafhood—-that questions why EPHPHATHA is not being discussed in Deaf Studies, “We now face the challenge of bringing about the second phase, to search for more explicit Deaf epistemologies and ontologies that can frame these developments in a more holistic way, so that Deaf Studies can become a more conscious model for Deaf-centered praxis”
That is exactly why EPHPHATHA should be more conscious model to discuss in classrooms—and one of the reasons we may find nature of the Deaf hard to believe in—even when it has been demonstrated to us—is that we have lost our connection to nature. The lack of action from GUAA would be unlikely to hold true for most Deaf people today, for the way we think of nature has changed.
Flash: Bauman, the only hearing member writes in his own words, “Even within the field of Deaf Studies, perspectives of Deaf people are often not valued. Many programs call themselves Deaf Studies but are actually based on an audiological model…”
EPHPHATHA is an audiologically model that will not allow to discuss in classrooms or you get in trouble. Bauman has the power as a department chair that will not allow discussions about this at all. You know what will happen next? TROUBLE. For example, in 1972, there was a tragic day in my motherland, Ireland, dealt with ‘Bloody Sunday’ and within a year before; ‘Deaf Studies’ was created.
‘Bloody Sunday’ was a national tragic day for Ireland. British soldiers shot 26 unharmed Irish people during a protest march. The same idea that ‘Deaf Studies’ applies to oppression, hegemony, language racism, and language bigotry what was going on in Ireland.
“A better course for Deaf Studies would be to examine the situation in identity politics now, learn from the past, think about the beyond-identity issues floating in the public sphere, come up with flexible and nonhierarchical models of being, and lead the way out of the dead end of identity thinking”—Lennard Davis
13 yeas later after the graduate program was created, Bauman is in charge today. Think about it. Remember, resistance and activism.
Yet, Bauman writes, “From Desloges to Veditz to the formation of Deaf Studies, Deaf people have been defending the right to use sign language, the right to intermarry, and the right not to be subjected to medical and religious cures, the right simply to be left alone…while Deaf Studies has proven the existence of Deaf Culture, the cultural argument is often not enough to convince hearing doctors and parents to cease their endless search for a cure.”
“Why should society want to keep and promote Deaf people? What good are Deaf people to society? What good are Deaf children to a family? These difficult questions must now be explored if the Deaf world is to continue in the face of biopower institutions intent on the eradication of the Deaf community.”
As Gallaudet alumni, nature is considered part of the family. I recognize that every alumnus and alumni, they do not talk about it to hearing people, they do have their own guiding spirit. Isn’t that part of our nature of being Deaf?
In terms of language, let’s start by defining EPHPHATHA. The English language has a very strange inference of curing ears, and the speakers of English assume from their own inference that being Deaf is pathological. The English language dictionary defines EPHPHATHA: the Greek form of a Syro-Chaldaic or Aramaic word, meaning “Be opened,” uttered by Christ when healing the man who was deaf and dumb (Mark 7:34). It is one of the characteristics of Mark that he uses the very Aramaic words which fell from our Lord’s lips. (See 3:17; 5:41; 7:11; 14:36; 15:34.)
Once again, Bauman writes, “How would the world be affected negatively by the loss of Deaf communities?” The speakers of English are very comfortable applying the word at Gallaudet University. It is a loss that affects Deaf community. Why not Bauman enforce and allow EPHPHATHA in the classrooms to be part of academic discussion? Remember Bloody Sunday 1972.
After all, EPHPHATHA is a Bloody Sunday.
Copyright © 2015 Jason Tozier
This text may be freely copied in its entirety only, including this copyright message.
“Ephphatha.” Easton’s 1897 Bible Dictionary. 13 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ephphatha>.
The Meaning of Audism: Cultural Hegemony over the Deaf Everywhere
David Call’s Deaf Metamorphosis
There are some on one-side of a fence who will believe that Deaf people who cannot hear will never rehabilitated, no matter what the circumstances, and those on the other side of the fence who believe Deaf people are successful.
In the end, Gallaudet is responsible for the seal contains “EPHPHATHA” to make sure their job to determine who is sufficient to return to being a productive member of society and who is not. Deaf citizens who arrive on the campus to begin their education, the administration have sorted out fact from fiction in regards to see if Deaf citizens will fit to rejoin hearing society. I realized that EPHPHATHA is a subject of language racism.
Let’s make it clear: Personal attacks against Deaf citizens and we need to know that EPHPHATHA has no place in our public discourse. We the Deaf people need to stop politicians and their abyss of negativity to tell the stories that Deaf people will hear again. Gallaudet will not shout down or intimidate us the Deaf people because we will not tolerate it. We demand respect. The administration has the master key to hide the truth in order to suppress the power over Deaf people. However, after thinking about it for some time, I am tired of ideological censorship. We can never mount a defense against EPHPHATHA if this is always dismissed as “language racism”—but above all, if you believe that language racism exists, it is actually immoral not to deal with the problem and its survivors. I am convinced; also language racism is real and underestimated phenomena. There are many buried hatchets, including the Hotchkiss hatchet. All former presidents were hatchet buriers. They were responsible for the seal.
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, states: “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right to freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”—In practice, however, the way this is interpreted varies widely from society to society. Under some political systems, the rights of the general society, sometimes referred to as the language of the general society, and regarded as taking precedence over the right of the individual being Deaf and needing American Sign Language (ASL).
Unfortunately, in the United States, this allows a lot of flexibility in the way the government reacts to individual examples of “free speech” with which they do not understand. In the worst case, Deaf people are always in danger of being defined in another language and can be imprisoned for it. Although the First Amendment to the United States defines “free speech” as to communicate ideas and opinions without government intervention, it allows extremists, namely Audists, the freedom to express opinion that many Deaf people would regard as “hate speech” All in all, “free speech” can be interpreted to mean different things according to the socio-political environment in which the term is used.
Flash news. It goes exactly the same to the term of EPHPHATHA that it is in great danger of being defined in another language and imprisons Deaf people…for what? It would require a lot of plans, and a complete, committed cooperation from Deaf community is expected. Timing will be an important factor as well. Gallaudet seem to keep the term on the seal to cure Deaf people, they are hurt. If they accept Deaf people as their human rights to be Deaf, they will be appreciated. If they talk about Deaf people with full of ideas, they are contributing. Instead, they are contributing for Audists today. Gallaudet needs to stop emotionalizing disgust brought on by the imprinting of biased, sensationalized stories of curing Deaf people on the campus from every corner.
The vast majority of Audists who keeps the term on the seal by “law” make sure that Deaf people suffer politically-motivated hate statue labels—for example, a modern day Scarlett Letter that results in a kind of mental torture against Deaf people who as a result become hearing and lose their basic legal rights. Audists cannot stop Deaf people to continue their pursuit of happiness.
Deaf Metamorphosis translated by David Call, “The pupa in the image symbolizes Deaf person’s struggle in audist world. When he discovered Deaf identity, he started to change into a human butterfly. After the transformation is done, he started to break out and push himself out of the pupa. He is about to fly free as a whole Deaf person.”
Copyright © 2014 Jason Tozier
This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.
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