Forgotten History Lesson: Between National Geographic Society and Deaf People

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Today we need to reflect history what it meant to all of us. History is what we live, learn, and suffer from the founder of the National Geographic Society (NGS) that was founded on this day today 130 years ago on January 27, 1888 in Washington, D.C; If history was never existed, what would it be like if NGS did not exist in the first place? Warning: The essay will be bit long to read. Open your eyes to the readership what NGS had an agreement with the Volta Review that may have severely hit Deaf community hard that time.

It is invisible that they share with the common interests of hate speech the goal of a tolerant society, in which Deaf people are judged by “the content of their character”—the term, “tolerant society” I learned as a sociology major, and had asked the class to read a book, The Tolerant Society by Lee C. Bollinger. The question, how much tolerance can Deaf community live with the fact that the pain with hate speeches that targets Deaf people from National Geographic Society that has strong ties with Alexander Graham Bell Association For the Deaf and Hard of Hearing?

The formation of National Geographic Society’s idea was the brainchild of Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Alexander Graham Bell’s father in law. Hubbard’s daughter, Mabel Hubbard was Deaf. Ten years after it was opened in 1888, Alexander Graham Bell became the second president of NGS.

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Did National Geographic Society ever hire a writer to do a biased story about Deaf people in a magazine? The leadership of Alexander Graham Bell has not forgotten for his legacy to run NGS.

If there was a story written about Deaf people, then how come The Volta Review writes in 1910, written by Alexander Graham Bell, Chairman of the Advisory Council, “The New Departure Explained” in The Volta Review, Volume 12, Number 1 with the opening statement: “The American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf came into existence in 1890. “

In a paragraph called The Example of the National Geographic Society, Bell writes: “The Board of Directors have been much impressed by the great success that has attended the introduction of a new policy by the National Geographic Society, and have considered favorably the expediency of trying this policy with our own Association.”

Whose Association? The American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf. It is now known as Alexander Graham Bell Association For the Deaf and Hard of Hearing.

In that same paragraph Bell writes in Application to the Association, the quote in his words, “The Board of Directors have thought the experiment at least worthy of trial. If we meet with success at all comparable to that attained by the National Geographic Society, we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible. If we fail, we are no worse off than before and can return to our present practice of supporting our publication from our endowment funds.

Of course, is considering such a proposition, the fear will very naturally be felt that in popularizing the Review we will lessen the technical value of our journal and diminish its usefulness to teachers of the deaf. Here again the experience of the National Geographic Society is decidedly encouraging. In that Society the feeling was very generally entertained by the geographical experts, who largely composed the membership of the Society before the adoption of the new policy, that the technical value of the National Geographic Magazine would be impaired by its popular features. That fear has proven groundless, and the Society publishes today as many technical articles as it did when its magazine was exclusively a technical journal.”

Alexander Graham Bell was a fear-monger leader. He was a master manipulator. When I first read this article, the way he writes, it is about culture of fear towards Deaf people, in encouraging Oralism and hatred because in his words, “….we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible.” And that reeks of a red flag that with the goal of diminishing teachers of the Deaf, it may been point out to the image of Deaf teachers being as usefulness.

It was mind-boggling to read this article this morning and had promoted me to write this post because what it has bothered me the most that he encouraged the culture of fear and many technical articles had been biased towards Deaf people. “That fear has proven groundless….”

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Why did NGS allow hate speech, deficit thinkers, and the formation of hate mongers that targets Deaf people today? The history exactly 130 years ago, the formation of hate speech in a popular magazine was invented and approved by the board including Alexander Graham Bell’s father in law and Bell himself. It has increased the culture of fear in higher friction by a factor of a million readers. The number was 40 million readers each month that time. Think about it.

When Alexander Graham Bell was chosen as second president of NGS in 1898, what was Deaf community like in that time? One year before he was appointed as president, Volta Bureau known as Alexander Graham Bell headquarters today was founded as a center to begin lab experiments on Deaf children.

Bell writes in his 1898, a 26-page paper called, The Question of Sign Language and the Utility of Signsunbelievable. He said, “I say this from personal knowledge; for long before I became an instructor of the deaf, I was myself a teacher of elocution, as my father was before me, and my grandfather before him.” The legacy of Bell family continues. Notice his paper title? The questioning of sign language bears the authority and the culture of fear in Bell’s power.

Robert McGregor, the first president of National Association of the Deaf, two years before AGBell was chosen to run NGS, McGregor answers with strong message that we need to see:

“By whom then are signs proscribed? By a few educators of the deaf whose boast is that they do not understand signs and do not want to; by a few philanthropists who are otherwise ignorant of the language; by the parents who do not understand the requisites to the happiness of their deaf children and are inspired with false fears by the educators and philanthropists.” that can be found in the book, The Deaf Mute Howls by Albert Ballin. The key words: Philanthropists and false fears.

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In that picture Bell said, “The world and all that is in it is our theme, and if we can’t find anything to interest ordinary people in that subject we better shut up shop”

That quote really ticks, no? AGBell and his father in law were huge philanthropists for NGS. No wonder why AGBell writes in Volta Review: “the review will be naturally be felt that in popularizing…” in the same theme above to shut up and dominate Deaf people.

The popularizing of Deaf people has been AGBell’s favorite target and the tolerant society of false fears continues in the name of NGS. The pursuit of happiness for Deaf children has also been targeted for cochlear implant industries, Oralism, mainstreaming and the laundry list of colonization and oppression. To face this betrayal of Deaf people dealing with hatred, it is urgent that we as Deaf community needs to realize that the reality that the language of crisis, is seriously needed to be examined and discussed.

Will we ever see an apology letter from National Geographic Society for encouraging hate speech towards Deaf children? Unchecked hate speech is expensive and we as Deaf community who are survivors of Alexander Graham Bell’s hateful ideologies, we cannot afford ignorance anymore. The exchange value of fear becomes dominant, and this has been recognized and reflected in language hegemony against sign languages and the culture of the Deaf. Time is spent, saved, invested, and wasted.

When I was a kid, I used to collect lots of magazines from National Geographic Society to educate myself to be aware and appreciate the “geographical experts” that later became the scarlet letter and hidden message just like da Vinci Code, and then I did not realize that I had been exploited to Alexander Graham Bell’s dark secrets within geographical borders. He was the master manipulator. As for the survivors of Alexander Graham Bell, in the past and present tense, I feel the pain. So much for Bell’s words, “In that Society the feeling was very generally entertained by the geographical experts, who largely composed the membership of the Society.”

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40 million readers that time in 1888, eight years after notorious Milan Resolution, became the geographic experts to follow Alexander Graham Bell’s practice to teach Oralism and fire 90 percent of Deaf teachers has been dominated by hearing supremacy including hearing teachers taking their jobs away.

We see the word, “education” every day in our eyes, Is it one of the most complex noun of all? Education means “to train someone for what?” and AGBell believes in teacher-centered, not student-student. If a hearing teacher thinks a Deaf pupil is better off speaking, then the pupil is really struck more than we actually think.

Look at the image on above left side: imagine with Deaf people were being targeted in 1898, the loss of jobs, shamed, shunned, exploited, and ridiculed thanks to AGBell’s doing. What happened with the American democracy for Deaf Americans, Deaf immigrants from all walks of life who came to America for the quality of Deaf Education thanks to Clerc’s vision?

That came to all sense when I first found out about the history date this morning and lead me to do a lot of reading and felt the importance that we must boycott NGS and challenge AGBell’s lies for exposing media manipulation about Deaf children, signed languages and the “success” stories about Oralism.

It was also mind-boggling for me to write this, too. Looking back as a Deaf kid remembering my first time reading National Geographic Society, I felt violated. I even subscribed NGS with my hard-working money where I would chop a lot of woods and build chords getting ready for winter time. Do you feel the same way that you were being violated and exploited by AGBell later when you found out the truth in your adult life?

Today, in Deaf community, we need to focus on civil and human rights, social justice, and challenge the misconducts of Alexander Graham Bell. We have to stop any form of hate. By the way, you see Washington Monument when you visit in the nation’s capital. It was completed in 1888, that time it became the world’s tallest structure and let’s give Alexander Graham Bell the 555 feet middle finger. Do not be surprised that he witnessed the completion of Washington Monument.

What was he doing on October 9, 1888? Did he get the invitation to join the celebration? Get this, upon my research this morning, exactly four years on same date on October 9, 1884, he writes a paper in Washington, D.C., “The Deaf Audiometer”—Editorial copied from the “Deaf-Mute” Journal. In the opening statement: “Prof. Alexander Graham Bell is certainly laboring hard and faithfully in the interests of of the deaf and dumb” and here comes the statement we may not seen this before, “One of his newest devices is called the Audiometer, and is intended to test and register the hearing capacity of those who suffer partial or supposed total deafness”

What does it mean to you? To me, I have my thoughts what it means to me. Registering the hearing capacity is a form of bigotry. Is it also language hegemony? Language deprivation? Was it the beginning of the rise of cochlear implant industries and give AGBell as the champion of listening and speaking to wipe out the image of Deaf people that includes “partial or supposed total deafness”?

The highest goal is to hear completely again even with failed cochlear implant attempts, stem cells at the University of Bristol in England with hopes to cure Deaf people and many biased ideas is all about to register the hearing capacity again. The state of being Deaf is natural and biological. It is not pathological.

National Geographic Society was only nine months baby when the Washington Monument was completed that year. It’s the same idea when a mother carry a Deaf healthy baby in the womb for nine months. It is a biological condition. AGBell found a way to build that idea in his head for long time and used to trick Deaf people, the parents of Deaf children, and the society for his brilliance.

AGBell saw the idea of NGS as a baby step to remind the society that Deaf babies needs to forget themselves as the quote below but first, Alexander Graham Bell found a way to promote The Volta Review with the membership of NGS readers to expose Deaf children and the practice of Oralism. Did AGBell ever re-printed his most famous hate speech in 1884, “We should try ourselves to forget that they are deaf. We should try to teach them to forget that they are deaf “even after NGS was founded with the idea of adding the Volta Review to the readers? No way we can forget AGBell’s ideas in 1910 that we must repeat ourselves to remember this quote:

“If we meet with success at all comparable to that attained by the National Geographic Society, we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible. If we fail, we are no worse off than before and can return to our present practice of supporting our publication from our endowment funds.”

-JT

Copyright © 2018 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

References:

https://www.loc.gov/resource/magbell.17200101/?sp=1

https://www.loc.gov/resource/magbell.37600801/?sp=14

https://usdeafhistory.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/mcgregor-robert-bio1.pdf

https://www.onthisday.com/events/date/1888

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic

https://books.google.com/books?id=Ec5JAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA9&lpg=PA9&dq=deaf+national+geographic+society&source=bl&ots=PvN6D8aZuc&sig=-itJgLOcWSWuqLCCcdqgvRI_nQo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiPw5ud0PfYAhUDuFMKHbSmBT8Q6AEIYTAJ#v=onepage&q=deaf%20national%20geographic%20society&f=false

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic_Society#Founders

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell_honors_and_tributes

Ladd, Paddy. Understanding Deaf Culture: In Search of Deafhood. Page 129.

 

 

 

Trumpism: We Need to Continue Stop Hate

After Donald Trump makes a racist language calling Haiti and other African countries–“shit-hole” is a good example of white privilege through hate and encourage white supremacy.

From Rejection of Deaf People in Hollywood Industry

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Ah, people has asking me what are my thoughts about the latest movie, “Wonderstruck” from what I understand that there were hearing people who pretended to be Deaf– has shed light on what hearing privileges really mean when they attack Deaf people and steal the image from them as well as free speech, too. I am not writing about the law or the Constitution, I am writing about how hearing actors or actresses hijack the system and using it to amplify oppression as a message. The illustration above was drawn by Brian Selznik.

I continue to be amazed by the unnecessary cruelty of the Hollywood industry, which has again taken aim at the most vulnerable members of the society in the name of language hegemony. Isn’t Hollywood industry was supposed to be the “civil rights and human rights” safeguard to protect Deaf people from unequal treatment? Obviously not. It is not the first time what Julianna Moore has continue to be ignorant about the importance of Deaf Studies in recent memory.

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A graphic created by Amber Zion–Deaf person with plenty of talent!

This is the time to think about that there are plenty of Deaf talent can do to stop exploitation of Hollywood to hire hearing actors or actress to act as Deaf. We need to educate them in anti-bias and anti-bullying discourses. Can we educate them with effective tactics that defuse exploitation before they can trigger over time into the kind of systematic oppression?

When Deaf people show the world that they have talent in acting with better eye movements, learns of people with hearing privileges and deceit, they essentially disowns Deaf citizens and implore them to shut up and stay in the cell in order to allow them to beat their appearance up and harm their reputations. Again, when Deaf citizens learn that the oppression in Hollywood have been returned to be practiced, they are suffering in the hands of oppressors. Oh, the sentencing of their fate!

We are tired of the worst oppression over the past year that a well-known Hollywood actress has again stepped over Deaf people just like stamped out Audism! Did Hollywood really acknowledge their errors? No. Instead, in the days since, oppression of Deaf people in Hollywood scenes, they would probably refuse to acknowledge their mistakes. All evidence to the contrary, Hollywood have continued to insist on Julianna Moore’s false version as a Deaf person, ignoring the grief of Deaf community, who are trying to make an attempt to educate the society that there are plenty of Deaf people who can show their talents.

Even a Deaf administrator and moderator for Deaf Talent Guild News wrote, “I do not wish to see any more posts critical of Julianna Moore for taking the deaf adult role nor discussing plans for a boycott of the movie Wonderstruck, which frankly in my opinion would be counter productive. I know some of you may not have fond opinions of her after reading the news of what she did…she may have already realized by now she made a mistake; let her be.”

Umm, excuse me, what about the pain what Deaf community has suffered? Where is the compassion? This is a disgrace. We are talking about the opportunity—no longer in the invisible hand. Isn’t Hollywood supposed to be the land of the opportunity? Deaf people on Mother Earth have a reason–know no life other than America. Can we even recognize Hollywood’s America?

I want to make it clear that this is not hoax or an exaggeration. I have been personally embarrassed by this whole ordeal, but out of continued frustration, I find it now necessary to write about what occurred in Hollywood. I feel that least writing this post could help start healing process. When I had been chosen to as an actor for Deafhood Monologues in Washington, D.C.—I understood the importance of Deaf talent where Julianna Moore has twice oppressed the Deaf community—with the quote below:

You will know you are completely done with something when you give it up and feel freedom instead of loss”.—Emily Maroutain

-JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

References:

https://www.neh.gov/humanities/2012/januaryfebruary/feature/deaf-meets-wonderstruck

 

Free Speech vs Hate Speech

Discussing between Free Speech as noted in United States Constitution First Amendment that allows hate speech which is a BIG PROBLEM today in America. Jeremy Joseph Christian who murdered two guys through HATE SPEECH on Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) in Portland, Oregon on May 26, 2017 thinks he has the “right” to provoke it based on FREE SPEECH. Intimidation makes him even weaker person.

 

 

ASL Day: The Glory of Hearing People

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I decided to write this blog on behalf of Deaf people, whose culture is appropriated by and for the glory of hearing people.

ASL Day is supposed to honor and award given to Deaf people. They because they are the innovators of ASL. Without ASL, we have no past, no society, no culture, no relationships, and real humanity within our community. Stories shape our consciousness–ASL creates Deaf people.

It helps Deaf people develop an understanding and cultural heritage and cultivates an interest in exploring the diversity of human heritage generally. ASL is a marvellous invention, ASL is a greater external memory and that applies for Deaf people.

Recently in Kissimmee, Florida, an award was given for ASL Day. If you look closer at the picture, a hearing person is standing there receiving the award. The woman in the red dress is Angela Roth, a certified hearing interpreter, who has taken the spotlight off Deaf people so she could stand in it.

The change we need to demand has been declared in ASL. No award shall go to hearing people when they are not the owners of ASL.

Did Angela Roth deserve the award?

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-JT

Copyright @ 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

Is American with Disabilities Act [ADA] provocateur for the Deaf people?

IMG_9171[Image: Me. American flag ignores my pursuit of happiness. A tattoo that says Audism Negat Surdi in Latin which means Audism looks down Deaf people. The shirt says “Audism is Ancient”.]

So, it is the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] theme this month—25th year anniversary. I have to write as an ADA critic this that it is really making me sick to my stomach and mind right now. The mandatory ADA does not always have an outstanding credentials to make contributions to my life—that has failed my pursuit of happiness and my safety for one, I am a returned citizen all because when I was 12 years old. The days when I was being ignored when I was abused in any form at age of ten years old—and that means I was outnumbered when ADA was supposed to protect my life.

Well, those kind of incidents that happens to Deaf children known as survivors every day in the last 25 years has been swept under the rug even though with the new conduct rules that was supposed to be investigated by authorities whom knows that ADA is the most important tool that could have saved their lives. Yep, you read that right. Guidance. And no, this is not a teaser for an upcoming episode of “Simpsons”.

There are many police agencies, school districts, and sign language interpreters that does not follow the lead of the ADA, which narrows the definition of American Sign Language [ASL] for Deaf survivors today and that is a big, big, big problem! People are out there celebrating 25 years anniversary laughing, cheering, shaking hands, clapping, hugging…. but what about crying? The cries are all over the mountains and valleys by Deaf survivors and the responsible people was supposed to take advantage of the good graces of the ADA to bring protection of Deaf survivors—is being forced to lie through their teeth and haul them around what they see as livestock.

What is more—the same school districts and sign language interpreters I lived through did not exactly administer the 25-years old ADA that the stricter rules did not define what could be legitimately treated as a forgotten survivor. That has been a problem for years and years. The school officials are not the experts and will never understand when a Deaf child is in crisis. The list of pain has strayed into the realm of the far-fetched, which is not healthy for the law’s public image. Is it painful to see the image of ADA 25 years anniversary? I believe that is, but it is a pain I should not complain, a suffering I must learn to sociologize the more I engage in it. American society sets me up to be free of this necessary pain, so I need to turn against the oppression and question why ADA is not practiced enough. It is not an easy route—at all.

I support the great change against the flawed due process and I believe that is what the change is all about, and it has two demands–to have me bow out and the oppression to resume afresh after future returned citizens.

Yes, I am a well-known troublemaker always at a distance for each position I espouse. Just mention my name Jason Tozier to those who have known or read you and me no doubt stir a flurry of controversy. I have amused some and angered others, refusing to be pinned down to silence. Some say I have never grown up, while others are sure I have been a troublemaker since birth. Some say that I have a great gift in knowledge, but I have thrown it to the winds so I could spend more time in forests to feel the wind differently when I was living in Great Pacific Northwest.

As a returned citizen, the traits in ignorance by those people who did not follow ADA properly has prepared me miserably for my life, I am the subject of an intellectual vulnerable in our American society, namely Deaf community. I needed the opportunity with my own space to reclaim and revitalize my human rights to protect my life and allow me to survive and flourish in higher education, so I could advance my future.

ADA was supposed to be the makers of meanings if you catch my drift.

I support the demands: to stop the unusual punishments and mob mentality of Deaf returned citizens. I am seriously not shamed of those demands. I do crave such systems, educational oppression, claims of the past; their words in the meeting inspired me to no end, their conduct of words to encompass human knowledge in their categories that must be corrected. ADA was supposed to be known as an integral to learning and thinking. Does Deaf people know this intuitively? Yet in our own time, ADA and education have parted ways in almost every school systems. ADA, created in 1990, had rejected many certified ASL interpreters worldwide and robbed Deaf children not only their language and culture, but also their citizenry: this is the first step in Audism—a racial term we know that it was coined in 1970s to suggest that it is better to hear and speak than not. My sociological bias makes me sure that such language bigotry is an important reason for the poor state of critical learning and thinking, which I have concerned year after year.

Is it painful to celebrate the most important landmark for Deaf people? People, who laugh, hug, shake hands, smile, mock—all that will keep wink…wink…wink…. I am a prospect of an ADA failure. You see all the images that says “Disability Rights are Civil Rights”—well, Deaf people are not disabled—they are language minority and it is time to see “Language Minority Rights are Civil Rights” or maybe “Deaf Rights are Human Rights”, or “Deaf Rights are Civil Rights”—Deaf people are overwhelmingly different from Disability Rights. Is ADA the provocateur for the Deaf people?

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Copyright © 2015 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.