Can We Not Let History Repeat Itself?

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When an onlooker practices Oralism as the form of bullying, “I demand Cued Speech and Oralism and dumb down American Sign Language (ASL)” is an act of embarrassment. Why ASL needs to be embarrassed?

Did we make Alexander Graham Bell who made America great again? His arrival in Boston around 1871, advocates that listening and speaking method is superior to dumbing down ASL that the ASL users would be third or fourth grade level in reading comprehension. It happens to be a myth. Alexander Graham Bell’s lie with greatest hope to continue bullying, causing painful times for survivors of Alexander Graham Bell’s practices. First of all, the idea of ASL in 1965, had been stolen from the idea and created Cued Speech a year later, both were archived forever at Gallaudet College that time, it was highly competitive.

Dr. R. Orin Cornett, a former Gallaudet University professor, invented Cued Speech, on the own Gallaudet’s intelligent property where Edward Miner Gallaudet as the chief advocate of Manualism also on Gallaudet campus, ASL came first way before Cued Speech could ever able to. Plus, he kicked Alexander Graham Bell’s ass in debate without question.

As for Cornett, he was a vice president for Long-Range Planning at Gallaudet, and Director for Cued Speech programs until 1984. William Stokoe was the head of Sign Language Research Lab (SLR), under President Edward Merrill, Jr’s leadership, and decided to shut down the SLR. Who was Vice President? Cornett, the father of Cued Speech. What happened to Edward Miner Gallaudet’s vision in the first place? Once it was first, it will be always first. It was a history in the making. Never accept to be Alexander Graham Bell’s first choice. ASL is never the second choice.

ASL does not have poor reading skills because ASL is bad. Cued Speech is better? No. That would result in great failure that the claim about reading levels in which language it would portray as? English, the spoken-language and the cousin of Oralism. Where is the information included communication, knowledge, and information explained in ASL for Deaf community?

We cannot let the cycle keep going forward by Alexander Graham Bell that would lead to a bigger foolish thing that would hurt the literacy and language of ASL to go down the hill with literacy skills that is critical part with ASL and why it is critical in the first place.

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There are many well-respected articles, professionally and sociologically printed about how ASL is unequivocally powerful in building a literacy culture. Many Deaf people’s lives who were robbed and experienced “intellectual property”, and dealt with Alexander Graham Bell’s Oralism philosophy.

Can we not let history repeat? Like Fascism happened in 1930s, and it is trying to repeat history again at this time in 2018 and soon, 2019 and it is good example that we must continue to resist against practices of Oralism. Claiming that Cued Speech would skyrocket writing in English. Claiming that cochlear implant is a marvelous invention. Listening and speaking is Alexander Graham Bell’s favorite activity. We must not let history repeat what Alexander Graham Bell’s strategics to continue bully against ASL.

The ideas about cued speech pushing for an Oralism culture and power, is scary enough of seeing the deconstruction of Oralism, the members of Alexander Graham Bell, all seeks to create a diagram or data to set up all the social arrangements that are important in economic and social power, to allow state of Illinois to advocate for Cued Speech should all states over in America follow the model bill and to bow to Cued Speech to be above ASL that demands for a social change. When SLR shut down, I am pretty sure that it was great hurt for many Deaf people around DC and across the country. Nothing can deny that. Can we let “hurt” repeat itself?

We must not accept that. We must be highly critical of Alexander Graham Bell as the dominant institution. It is the highest idea that they are secretly setting up entrapment of Deaf people’s well-being and the rights to ASL is our responsibility to stand strong with a resistance against Oralism practices. Folks, can we accept that it is OK for them to set up an entrapment?

-JT

Copyright © 2018 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

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History Lessons We Must Not Forget

The history lessons we may or may not taught in schools, we need to be aware about this. History should not be repeated.

 

 

Indigenous People’s Day: Resistance in the Epoch of Christopher Columbus

 

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Please support Indigenous Peoples’ Day all over the cities and towns in the country, “Columbus Day” is a commonly used as a white privilege label to support to any bigotry, hostility, and discrimination against Native Americans and its use is often politically motivated. That is why I do not support Christopher Columbus’s legacy in secrecy, war, and violence in Native American lands. To date, if Columbus was alive today, hate crime charges without question where the trial is necessary for Columbus.

There are plenty of literature reviews on Native Americans and criminal justice, found one of the literature reviews focusing ethno-violence and found not a single case of Native Americans as victims of racially motivated violence. It makes them deeper than an invisible cloak. It is literally bad! What had Native Americans done to them? Kurt Vonnegut writes in his book, Breakfast of Champions: As children we were taught to memorize this year with pride and joy as the year people began living full and imaginative lives on the continent of North America. Actually, people had been living full and imaginative lives on the continent of North American for hundreds of years before that. 1492 was simply the year sea pirates began to rob, cheat, and kill them.”

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What is Indigenous People’s Day? It is about celebrating of the Indigenous peoples in North America to celebrate their culture, language, and arts. It is important to appreciate them as part of humanity and it is also difficult to imagine and understand the current strains of Indigenous peoples where they face the connections with colonialism. As for Columbus’ trial, according to the United Nations: 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide:

any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such:

 a: Killing members of the group;

b: Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

c: Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;

d: Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;

e: Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. (Article II)

Do we need to celebrate Columbus Day what he has robbed Indigenous Peoples lives? It should be student-centered, human-centered, and love-centered that we need to retain our knowledge about Indigenous People in schools. Also, it can be educator-led that we need strong educators to bring in stronger awareness that impacts learning. At a human compassion, we all need a healthy terminology such as Indigenous People’s Day.

Finally, it should be Hate-Free, as Indigenous People deserve an education without financial hardships. They deserve a chance to thrive in their lives, without facing hate and racism daily. We need teachers and learners clearly to share a common interest in positive meaning and we need to re-invest Native American literature more often in our public schools and universities. Can we channel our knowledge toward the essentials of teaching and learning about Indigenous People’s Day? Please visit this YouTube video with captions provided:

 

-JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

EPHPHATHA Revisited to Revise

ImageNancy Rourke’s Cultural Genocide

EPHPHATHA is essentially unfinished and incomplete, but it begun from the premise that Deaf people suffer from a deep-seated Audism and need to recognize American Sign Language (ASL) be respected for more just a diversity than one we now celebrate. However, Gallaudet University had been a training ground for language belittlement and bigotry, language hegemony and humiliation, even language alienation and atrocity—and it keeps bringing out the misery out of Deaf people for many generations since and to come.

Dealing with the issues of language and cultural oppression dealing with ASL and Deaf people is possibly the most complicated problem of all on the face of earth, and we need to start an activism to challenge the materialism that hinders ASL by making the Deaf hear. We need to build more vehicles for social change and get rid of EPHPHATHA off Gallaudet property.

EPHPHATHA is the term of language bigotry that is much more than an unfortunate chapter in our Deaf history. It is part of many mechanisms of oppression and aversion in Deaf community. Gallaudet should be about cultural and social life of Deaf people. Why not? Deaf people are always in a danger of being defined in another language, that is, a spoken/written language and by attempting to unlock their ears. EPHPHATHA itself is part of biblical literature–both the mythical and historical literature and personal observations and it is important to know this.

Every society has enslaved people. As Karl Marx (1818-1883) pointed out, without slavery, we would all still be living in caves. Now, Audism at Gallaudet created surplus value, created journals and gave Deaf people progress. If Gallaudet kept the EPHPHATHA term, why are Deaf people paying their education? Gallaudet should provide free education to all Deaf people. Administration knows that it is illegal to have the term glued to the seal and their gnashing of teeth, wringing of their hands only cares about million of dollars and untold political power in Gallaudet community. This is about battle of Audism and we need to drive audistic wedges out of the term. It is at best, none of civil equality recognizes at Gallaudet.

Gallaudet University’s culture with the hidden term, EPHPHATHA actually colonizes Deaf minds and instructs them how to act, live, and behave like hearing-minded people. There is no way that Deaf people should be treated as uneducated, underemployed, and underestimated if they do not follow the term to open their ears. Why does Gallaudet silence Deaf people for what purpose? We have to get ready to fight this hidden term and begin heal from the wounds of Audism. It is definitely a threat to Deaf body and mind. It is like an expensive “cocktail therapy” that is not readily or cheaply available. The purpose of not providing all the facts to Deaf people that has drawn attention away from inequality and equalization between Deaf people and Gallaudet.

Nothing strengthens authority so much as silence”-Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

-JT

Copyright © 2013 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.