Pittsburgh Synagogue: The Normalization of Hate

Ted Baran: Abuse of Power Isn’t Cool

Forgotten History Lesson: Between National Geographic Society and Deaf People

IMG_0632(1).JPG

Today we need to reflect history what it meant to all of us. History is what we live, learn, and suffer from the founder of the National Geographic Society (NGS) that was founded on this day today 130 years ago on January 27, 1888 in Washington, D.C; If history was never existed, what would it be like if NGS did not exist in the first place? Warning: The essay will be bit long to read. Open your eyes to the readership what NGS had an agreement with the Volta Review that may have severely hit Deaf community hard that time.

It is invisible that they share with the common interests of hate speech the goal of a tolerant society, in which Deaf people are judged by “the content of their character”—the term, “tolerant society” I learned as a sociology major, and had asked the class to read a book, The Tolerant Society by Lee C. Bollinger. The question, how much tolerance can Deaf community live with the fact that the pain with hate speeches that targets Deaf people from National Geographic Society that has strong ties with Alexander Graham Bell Association For the Deaf and Hard of Hearing?

The formation of National Geographic Society’s idea was the brainchild of Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Alexander Graham Bell’s father in law. Hubbard’s daughter, Mabel Hubbard was Deaf. Ten years after it was opened in 1888, Alexander Graham Bell became the second president of NGS.

Natgeo_old.png

Did National Geographic Society ever hire a writer to do a biased story about Deaf people in a magazine? The leadership of Alexander Graham Bell has not forgotten for his legacy to run NGS.

If there was a story written about Deaf people, then how come The Volta Review writes in 1910, written by Alexander Graham Bell, Chairman of the Advisory Council, “The New Departure Explained” in The Volta Review, Volume 12, Number 1 with the opening statement: “The American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf came into existence in 1890. “

In a paragraph called The Example of the National Geographic Society, Bell writes: “The Board of Directors have been much impressed by the great success that has attended the introduction of a new policy by the National Geographic Society, and have considered favorably the expediency of trying this policy with our own Association.”

Whose Association? The American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf. It is now known as Alexander Graham Bell Association For the Deaf and Hard of Hearing.

In that same paragraph Bell writes in Application to the Association, the quote in his words, “The Board of Directors have thought the experiment at least worthy of trial. If we meet with success at all comparable to that attained by the National Geographic Society, we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible. If we fail, we are no worse off than before and can return to our present practice of supporting our publication from our endowment funds.

Of course, is considering such a proposition, the fear will very naturally be felt that in popularizing the Review we will lessen the technical value of our journal and diminish its usefulness to teachers of the deaf. Here again the experience of the National Geographic Society is decidedly encouraging. In that Society the feeling was very generally entertained by the geographical experts, who largely composed the membership of the Society before the adoption of the new policy, that the technical value of the National Geographic Magazine would be impaired by its popular features. That fear has proven groundless, and the Society publishes today as many technical articles as it did when its magazine was exclusively a technical journal.”

Alexander Graham Bell was a fear-monger leader. He was a master manipulator. When I first read this article, the way he writes, it is about culture of fear towards Deaf people, in encouraging Oralism and hatred because in his words, “….we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible.” And that reeks of a red flag that with the goal of diminishing teachers of the Deaf, it may been point out to the image of Deaf teachers being as usefulness.

It was mind-boggling to read this article this morning and had promoted me to write this post because what it has bothered me the most that he encouraged the culture of fear and many technical articles had been biased towards Deaf people. “That fear has proven groundless….”

654564._UY400_SS400_.jpg

Why did NGS allow hate speech, deficit thinkers, and the formation of hate mongers that targets Deaf people today? The history exactly 130 years ago, the formation of hate speech in a popular magazine was invented and approved by the board including Alexander Graham Bell’s father in law and Bell himself. It has increased the culture of fear in higher friction by a factor of a million readers. The number was 40 million readers each month that time. Think about it.

When Alexander Graham Bell was chosen as second president of NGS in 1898, what was Deaf community like in that time? One year before he was appointed as president, Volta Bureau known as Alexander Graham Bell headquarters today was founded as a center to begin lab experiments on Deaf children.

Bell writes in his 1898, a 26-page paper called, The Question of Sign Language and the Utility of Signsunbelievable. He said, “I say this from personal knowledge; for long before I became an instructor of the deaf, I was myself a teacher of elocution, as my father was before me, and my grandfather before him.” The legacy of Bell family continues. Notice his paper title? The questioning of sign language bears the authority and the culture of fear in Bell’s power.

Robert McGregor, the first president of National Association of the Deaf, two years before AGBell was chosen to run NGS, McGregor answers with strong message that we need to see:

“By whom then are signs proscribed? By a few educators of the deaf whose boast is that they do not understand signs and do not want to; by a few philanthropists who are otherwise ignorant of the language; by the parents who do not understand the requisites to the happiness of their deaf children and are inspired with false fears by the educators and philanthropists.” that can be found in the book, The Deaf Mute Howls by Albert Ballin. The key words: Philanthropists and false fears.

14615047732_5ffe838d60_b.jpg

In that picture Bell said, “The world and all that is in it is our theme, and if we can’t find anything to interest ordinary people in that subject we better shut up shop”

That quote really ticks, no? AGBell and his father in law were huge philanthropists for NGS. No wonder why AGBell writes in Volta Review: “the review will be naturally be felt that in popularizing…” in the same theme above to shut up and dominate Deaf people.

The popularizing of Deaf people has been AGBell’s favorite target and the tolerant society of false fears continues in the name of NGS. The pursuit of happiness for Deaf children has also been targeted for cochlear implant industries, Oralism, mainstreaming and the laundry list of colonization and oppression. To face this betrayal of Deaf people dealing with hatred, it is urgent that we as Deaf community needs to realize that the reality that the language of crisis, is seriously needed to be examined and discussed.

Will we ever see an apology letter from National Geographic Society for encouraging hate speech towards Deaf children? Unchecked hate speech is expensive and we as Deaf community who are survivors of Alexander Graham Bell’s hateful ideologies, we cannot afford ignorance anymore. The exchange value of fear becomes dominant, and this has been recognized and reflected in language hegemony against sign languages and the culture of the Deaf. Time is spent, saved, invested, and wasted.

When I was a kid, I used to collect lots of magazines from National Geographic Society to educate myself to be aware and appreciate the “geographical experts” that later became the scarlet letter and hidden message just like da Vinci Code, and then I did not realize that I had been exploited to Alexander Graham Bell’s dark secrets within geographical borders. He was the master manipulator. As for the survivors of Alexander Graham Bell, in the past and present tense, I feel the pain. So much for Bell’s words, “In that Society the feeling was very generally entertained by the geographical experts, who largely composed the membership of the Society.”

EllisIsland-LudovicBertron-flickr.jpg

40 million readers that time in 1888, eight years after notorious Milan Resolution, became the geographic experts to follow Alexander Graham Bell’s practice to teach Oralism and fire 90 percent of Deaf teachers has been dominated by hearing supremacy including hearing teachers taking their jobs away.

We see the word, “education” every day in our eyes, Is it one of the most complex noun of all? Education means “to train someone for what?” and AGBell believes in teacher-centered, not student-student. If a hearing teacher thinks a Deaf pupil is better off speaking, then the pupil is really struck more than we actually think.

Look at the image on above left side: imagine with Deaf people were being targeted in 1898, the loss of jobs, shamed, shunned, exploited, and ridiculed thanks to AGBell’s doing. What happened with the American democracy for Deaf Americans, Deaf immigrants from all walks of life who came to America for the quality of Deaf Education thanks to Clerc’s vision?

That came to all sense when I first found out about the history date this morning and lead me to do a lot of reading and felt the importance that we must boycott NGS and challenge AGBell’s lies for exposing media manipulation about Deaf children, signed languages and the “success” stories about Oralism.

It was also mind-boggling for me to write this, too. Looking back as a Deaf kid remembering my first time reading National Geographic Society, I felt violated. I even subscribed NGS with my hard-working money where I would chop a lot of woods and build chords getting ready for winter time. Do you feel the same way that you were being violated and exploited by AGBell later when you found out the truth in your adult life?

Today, in Deaf community, we need to focus on civil and human rights, social justice, and challenge the misconducts of Alexander Graham Bell. We have to stop any form of hate. By the way, you see Washington Monument when you visit in the nation’s capital. It was completed in 1888, that time it became the world’s tallest structure and let’s give Alexander Graham Bell the 555 feet middle finger. Do not be surprised that he witnessed the completion of Washington Monument.

What was he doing on October 9, 1888? Did he get the invitation to join the celebration? Get this, upon my research this morning, exactly four years on same date on October 9, 1884, he writes a paper in Washington, D.C., “The Deaf Audiometer”—Editorial copied from the “Deaf-Mute” Journal. In the opening statement: “Prof. Alexander Graham Bell is certainly laboring hard and faithfully in the interests of of the deaf and dumb” and here comes the statement we may not seen this before, “One of his newest devices is called the Audiometer, and is intended to test and register the hearing capacity of those who suffer partial or supposed total deafness”

What does it mean to you? To me, I have my thoughts what it means to me. Registering the hearing capacity is a form of bigotry. Is it also language hegemony? Language deprivation? Was it the beginning of the rise of cochlear implant industries and give AGBell as the champion of listening and speaking to wipe out the image of Deaf people that includes “partial or supposed total deafness”?

The highest goal is to hear completely again even with failed cochlear implant attempts, stem cells at the University of Bristol in England with hopes to cure Deaf people and many biased ideas is all about to register the hearing capacity again. The state of being Deaf is natural and biological. It is not pathological.

National Geographic Society was only nine months baby when the Washington Monument was completed that year. It’s the same idea when a mother carry a Deaf healthy baby in the womb for nine months. It is a biological condition. AGBell found a way to build that idea in his head for long time and used to trick Deaf people, the parents of Deaf children, and the society for his brilliance.

AGBell saw the idea of NGS as a baby step to remind the society that Deaf babies needs to forget themselves as the quote below but first, Alexander Graham Bell found a way to promote The Volta Review with the membership of NGS readers to expose Deaf children and the practice of Oralism. Did AGBell ever re-printed his most famous hate speech in 1884, “We should try ourselves to forget that they are deaf. We should try to teach them to forget that they are deaf “even after NGS was founded with the idea of adding the Volta Review to the readers? No way we can forget AGBell’s ideas in 1910 that we must repeat ourselves to remember this quote:

“If we meet with success at all comparable to that attained by the National Geographic Society, we can advance the work of teaching speech to the deaf in a way that has never hitherto been possible. If we fail, we are no worse off than before and can return to our present practice of supporting our publication from our endowment funds.”

-JT

Copyright © 2018 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

References:

https://www.loc.gov/resource/magbell.17200101/?sp=1

https://www.loc.gov/resource/magbell.37600801/?sp=14

https://usdeafhistory.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/mcgregor-robert-bio1.pdf

https://www.onthisday.com/events/date/1888

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic

https://books.google.com/books?id=Ec5JAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA9&lpg=PA9&dq=deaf+national+geographic+society&source=bl&ots=PvN6D8aZuc&sig=-itJgLOcWSWuqLCCcdqgvRI_nQo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiPw5ud0PfYAhUDuFMKHbSmBT8Q6AEIYTAJ#v=onepage&q=deaf%20national%20geographic%20society&f=false

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic_Society#Founders

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell_honors_and_tributes

Ladd, Paddy. Understanding Deaf Culture: In Search of Deafhood. Page 129.

 

 

 

Trumpism: We Need to Continue Stop Hate

After Donald Trump makes a racist language calling Haiti and other African countries–“shit-hole” is a good example of white privilege through hate and encourage white supremacy.

Holiday of Darkness: Deaf Returning Citizens’ Journey

features_art_future_lawyer_alexandra_bowman.jpg

Do Deaf returning citizens deserve shame? Politics can be funny. The politics of returning citizens remains unseen. The question, do people understand in second chances? Does the society discuss not enough about the pedagogy of second chances? That is up for you to decide.

The biggest holidays of the year: December. You see all those holiday spirits going around, people volunteering to feed the homeless, and in addition with the holiday spirit should encourage to end abuses of shaming returning citizens, and diminish culture oppression in their lives, they had been dealing with some of the prolonged dependency of being as Deaf returning citizen that they account ASL for communication, information, and knowledge. Their experiences have never been done before, but the crisis demands a new form of activism.

The stories are the reason they are here; with that being the case, the society would have doubts as to the relevance of the story they might have to share, but the offer itself also pushed them to take a closer look at the back story that bought their lives to the corner of growing pains. The biggest goal: Be the change. Returning citizens had their notes filled with observations and experience.

The people are true-color oppressors, no more than first-class airplane seats. The journey has begun in the search of healing. Returning citizens have the right to choose to seek path to heal every fiber of their bones. It takes a lot of courage to change a person’s life around. The liberty of respect is hard to replace these days. It takes a lot of hard work to believe in themselves, they also need to refuse to believe in the past and make all the difference as much as I can.

The important question we should need to know: Do you ever think about what justice means and how it should be applied in a democratic society? Can politically active voters strongly against unfair laws that have more to do with political careerism than actually providing well-reasoned fear?

XMAS014-1_1024x1024.jpg

Holidays can be very difficult times for them at this time of the year dealing with stigma—the greater degree to which returning citizens can be integrated into Deaf community and have access to both social services along with neighborhood supports, the greater the chance for complete rehabilitation.

There is more to that as the signs of the holidays may be the time to highlight the spirit of the holidays—not everyone feels merry during the holidays. For some, it can be lonely due to a loss of loved one, being far from family, rejection from circle of friends, bear with difficult memories and even from Deaf community itself. Struggling with the “Holiday Blues”—Would it make people feel better if they commit more to support Deaf returning citizens and understand their struggles and stories?

Any effort at getting to know Deaf returning citizens will reveal many who, despite all odds, struggling to be good neighbor, and community member. The societal debt had been paid, and they are free to pursue life’s opportunities as any other normal American citizen. Re-entering into society is a hard place filled with hate, anger, depression, and loneliness. The part about loneliness is the most invisible human trait.

-JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

 

 

Did Dr. Andreas Gerstner Spark Surdophobia in Germany?

5d5334331eeb5d62131448f63f424f3d.jpg

There is an international case in Germany about cochlear implants. The case is supposed to make a statement in a courtroom on Monday, November 20th. The case: The parents of a Deaf child makes a final decision-making authority not to support cochlear implants for their own Deaf child then the doctor takes them to the court for not supporting the idea of cochlear implants even though the doctor do not support them as the parental decision makers. Who gives Dr. Andreas Gerstner have the authority to think that way?

So, cochlear implants are the matter of making decision regarding Deaf children’s welfare. Is there even a law for cochlear implant industries to have the rights to make decision over parents’ decision? Is it another sick and inhumane strategy to help cochlear implant stockholders becoming rich?

Is it a hate crime what they are doing? That shows how much cochlear implant companies have control damage over our human system. And they are trying to gain even more. If the case in Germany is awarded to the doctor and force Deaf child to get implanted, then it is an alarming rate. These cochlear implant industries are harming Deaf people’s body, health, and mind. The court must recognize that the doctor is doing cochlear implant industries a favor to generalize millions in profits. Will the sound-hearing courthouse really understand what it is like being Deaf? No! The language of Audism will be heard in this courtroom. But, will it ever brought up with the term, “Audism” in the court room?

We must continue to resist against cochlear implant practices and attempting to control and monetize Deaf children for profits. When people hear or read literature about Deaf people in negative ways, with the culture of fear, many people with Surdophobia (fear of Deaf people), for example, the doctor in the case—where the parents deal with the concerns being shared about the opinions. How dare do the doctor have right to share opinions about Deaf people?

If the court goes ahead with the verdict for Dr. Andreas Gerstner, we must prepare to be the bearer of oppression, and we need to send a message—right away—that we are not going to let cochlear implant industries to become wealthiest quietly. The doctor should be billed for the entire legal cost. What happened to human rights? They feel most complete when oppressing Deaf people, only when they find the right sequence of war words can effectively bare their souls.

However, as they think without bias that Deaf people are still weak, they explore more oppression genres, they generate more hate for the ignorance exceeds oppression pursuits. What made them interested in how oppression was utilized in every day contexts, how typified thoughts were exposed to hate in professional pursuits (for example, a doctor) and how hate is invisible alongside rapidly “hearing” technologies?

One of the goals, as editor of this blog post, is to convey what we need to stand up against hate—especially at this unpleasantly tense and fractious moment in Deaf community history, when it is perfectly legal to implant a Deaf child whose parents opposed the idea? I am very curious with the verdict—and we must prepare for the exploration of collateral consequences. In that case, Dr. Andreas Gerstner should lose his license over a difference of opinion. Totally!!

 

–JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.

World Kindness Day: Escape from Stigma

Trust-Around-the-World.png

Today, November 13, 2017, is World Kindness Day. Seriously, it is. Good time to remind yourself that for next year and for the reminder of the humanly lives. Be kind. Remember that everybody is fighting his or her own personal battles that you know nothing about. Stop hate please. I am writing about Deaf returning citizens.

Currently, I am reading a book, Stand up to Stigma: How We Reject Fear and Shame by Pernessa C. Seele, has helped me to think and questions that we need to analyze more about community accountability. We also need to recognize in a hierarchy who do a good job that would be promote to the next level. If they are not competent, then they do not get promoted and remained at that level. We also have responsibility to break the cycle of stigma, too.

Seriously, this book is damn good! I’ve read few books about Stigma, but this one is the top of all! I write to you that it will worth every dollar of yours to read this book and help break the cycle of stigma, and guide you to see the personal stories and it is only $17.95, of course with taxes.

Remember great literature George Orwell, that guy was brilliant for creating a shared language for educational equity, to understand the glossary of an important term:

Doublethink: The power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.

Then does it leads to a compassion that is any and all thoughts that serves the actions of seeing ourselves? Do we ever wonder that we do not talk enough about compassion?

Compassion is enhanced wherever and whenever consciousness displaces repression and unconsciousness and reality replace unreality.” Compassion & Self-Hate: An Alternative To Despair by Theodore Isaac Rubin, M.D;

Be kindness. Like I wrote above, everybody is fighting his or her own personal battles that you know nothing about. Let’s celebrate World Kindness Day!

-JT

Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.