Tag Archives: Edward Miner Gallaudet

AGBell: His First Collegiate Degree

“….the fact remains that the first collegiate degree received by the famous inventor of the telephone came from the National Deaf Mute College.”-[Atwood, Gallaudet College: It’s First One Hundred Years]
Red flag. What does it mean Alexander Graham never received a formal college degree nowhere–but only National Deaf Mute College? What does it mean? Is that why Gallaudet University is still Audist? What kind of profiting is that? Bell’s contribution becomes top secret in Gallaudet’s money. What does it mean when a college degree becomes guarantor of audist-class existence?
We need to be vigilant and resist against Audist mazes. The million question: Who awarded Alexander Graham Bell the degree? Was it Edward Miner Gallaudet?
We need to be vigilant and resist the mazes of Audism.


Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.


ASL: The Meaning of ‘Justice for All’


There are millions of visitors who visit District of Columbia, the nation’s capital. What I did not realize that today on this date, July 16, 1790 when DC was picked as nation’s capital while the first American president, George Washington signed The Residence Act that made a city.

There are indeed still consequences in today’s Deaf community. The fracturing of the social media takes a larger scope and understands that it is not OK to attack Deaf community.

District of Columbia’s motto: Justia Omnibus, which means Justice for All. When President Abraham Lincoln signed the bill to create higher education for Deaf people: National Deaf Mute College (Now Gallaudet University) in Washington, DC; Deaf people have the right to carry rightful justice that they have every aspect of human right to use sign language for communication, knowledge, and information. That was the main topic. Simple.

The creation of the university was built by many stories you cannot imagine how much it meant to them. DC was only 74 years old city when Gallaudet University founded. As Alexander Graham Bell was 17 years old living in Scotland that time, did you ever think what would AGBell think about that day, 8th April, 1864? Did his father or grandfather tell him the news? Did AGBell have a plan to destroy “all for justice” policy and erase sign language in favor for oralism? Was it the plan to preserve Bell family’s name and legacy to destroy an American motto at what highest cost possibly be?

Exactly 100 years after the founding of nation’s capital, AGBell had the nerve to set up American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf now known as Volta Bureau, AGBell’s headquarters in the same city. AGBell challenged Edward Miner Gallaudet on the sacred ground of Gallaudet University that can be found in a book, Never the Twain Shall Meet by Richard Winefield. Help ourselves understand. The American democracy is not easily misunderstood.


Justia Omnibus, is an American motto, which means NO ONE CAN TAKE THAT AWAY FROM DEAF PEOPLE in 1880 and the next 100 years today. AGBell do not have the authority to prioritize and revoke all for justice in Deaf community’s favor of ASL.

The District of Columbia gave Deaf people a life to grow and teaches that justice for all to overcome Audism at Gallaudet University. Why cannot the Board of Trustees [BoTs] flesh out all the connections between AGBell’s headquarters and the university for dirty money? Make it ASL/Deaf-centered, ASL/Deaf-controlled, and ASL/Deaf-oriented. What’s wrong with that? Today, we will stand by human rights to use ASL—Justice for All! Justia Omnibus! ASL wins!

Happy birthday, DC! ASL JUSTICE FOR ALL.


Copyright © 2017 Jason Tozier

This text may be freely copied in its entirely only, including this copyright message.






Responsible for Gallaudet Seal


Gallaudet Seal

The minutes of the Board of Directors, dated May 24, 1864, state that “Mr. Edward Miner Gallaudet submitted a design for a corporate seal, as follows, Viz:
An open Bible hearing the word Ephphatha (be opened) in Syriac characters….around the Bible the same word in the characters of the deaf-mute alphabet;
rim of the seal containing the words Academia Columbiana.

Dr. Sutherland suggested that 13 stars be inserted in the rim, filling up the space between the words “Academia” and “Columbiana”, and the shield of the United States placed within the rim at the foot of the Bible.

At the Board of Directors meeting on June 7, 1864, the members after a heated discussion decided not to use Latin on the seal and voted “That the words “Columbia Institution” be inscribed upon the seal, with other insignia adopted at the last meeting of the Board.

The original seal was used for 90 years. On June 18, 1954, and Act of Congress, signed by President Eisenhower, changed the name of the Columbia Institution for the Deaf to Gallaudet College. A new seal bearing the imprint “Gallaudet College” became the corporate seal.

The first seal was adopted by the Board of Directors of the Columbia Institution by Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, April 8, 1964. Edward Miner Gallaudet and the Rev. Sunderland, a board member of the Columbia Institution for the Deaf, were mainly responsible for the design of the seal.

Edward Miner Gallaudet’s EPHPHATHA TYPED Letter

Washington May 24 1864

A meeting of the Directors of this Institution was held at the house of Rev. Dr. Sunderland at 10 O’Clock this morning.

Present Meers (?) Hall Mitchell and Sunderland, and Mr. Gallaudet the Superintendent.
        At 11 O’Clock and 20 minuts, no other members of the Board appearing, the meeting was organized by the selection of Mr. Hall as Chairman and Mr. Gallaudet as    
        Secretary Gao tem (?)

The reading of the minutes of the last meeting was dispensed with.

Mr. Gallaudet presented to the Board forms for certificates and diplomas; the former (to be given to pupils completing the course of study in the Academic Department, or learning in good standing before finishing the course) being in English, and the latter (to be used in conferring degrees) being in Latin.

Mr. Gallaudet stated to the Board that he had prepared the forms just read, as authorized by a resolution passed at the last meeting; that he had not supposed there would be any difference of opinion as to the use of Latin in the Diploma to be used in conferring degrees; but that on consulting Mr. Kendall a few days since, he found him decidedly opposed to the use of Latin and in favor of having the Diplomas in English; that on learning the opinion of Mr. Kendall, he thought it best to refer the matter to the Directors and ask them to decide what should be done.

After a full discussion of the question by all the members present, the forms presented by Mr. Gallaudet. were on motion of Mr. Mitchell unanimously adopted.

Mr. Gallaudet also submitted a design for a corporate seal: as following An open bible, bearing the word Ephphatha (“Be Opened”) in Syriac characters around the Bible the same word in the characters of the Deaf-mute alphabet; the rim of the seal containing the words Academica Columbiana.

Dr Sunderland suggested that thirteen stars be inserted in the rim filling up the spaces between the words Academia and Columbiana, and the shield of the United States placed within the rim at the foot of the Bible.

These suggestions were concurred in, and the design as completed was on motion of Dr. Sunderland unanimously adopted as the corporate seal of the Institution.
Dr. Sunderland from the Committee appointed as the last meeting to recommend such action as might be found necessary in view of the organization of a Collegiate department, reported the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted.

RESOLVED. That the Superintendent be and he is hereby authorized to employ an additional Instructor of the Deaf & Dumb at a salary not exceeding Eighteen hundred dollars per annum.

The Superintendent is also authorized to increase the salary of the Third Instructor of the Deaf & Dumb from five hundred to six hundred dollars per annum; and to employ, when occasion requires, an additional Instructor of the Deaf & Dumb at a salary not exceeding three hundred and fifty dollars per annum with board.

RESOLVED. That all Instructors employed in the Collegiate Department shall be termed Professors.
RESOLVED. That the honorary degree of Masters of Arts be conferred upon John Carlin of Newport City (?) at the close of the present Academic year.

Mr. Hall placed in the hands of the Superintendent a roll of parachment (?) containing twenty seven sheets suitable to be used in the preparation of diplomas.
On motion of Dr. Sunderland, the meeting was then adjourned.

E.M. Gallaudet
Sec. Pro Term.

Edward Miner Gallaudet’s EPHPHATHA letter (4 out of 4)


Edward Miner Gallaudet’s EPHPHATHA letter (3 of 4)


Edward Miner Gallaudet’s EPHPHATHA letter (2 of 4)


Edward Miner Gallaudet’s EPHPHATHA letter (1 or 4)


It was very difficult to read EMG’s letter, but I managed to type everything down. Remember, not all of it because of difficulty to decipher the words. I will post the typed letter after posting up next three more pictures of the letter.